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Venice is the administrative capital city of the Veneto region and of the north-eastern part of Italy, and also the capital of the homonymous province and the Veneto region.
Historically known as the Serenissima, Venice was capital of the Republic of Venice for more than a millennium. It was also declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The city is located, along with numerous small islands, in the lagoon of Venice, in the north-western part of the Adriatic Sea. Its city counts 268,736 inhabitants covering the territory of the city itself as well as the mainland city of Mestre and Marghera and the various islands of its lagoon.
The heart of Venice is Piazza San Marco, by definition the only one to deserve the name of square: the other “piazzas” are in fact called "fields" or "little squares". The Basilica of San Marco turns out at the centre of the square, coloured with gold and covered with mosaics that tell the story of Venice, together with wonderful bas-reliefs that illustrate the months of the year.
Another symbol of the city is the Rialto Bridge: a work of art by Antonio Da Ponte and built in 1591. The Rialto Bridge was the only way of crossing the Grand Canal on foot: in fact, it remained the only bridge until 1854, when the Academia Bridge was built. On the sides of the central part of the bridge there are luxury shops whereas, at the end of it, in the San Polo district, you can visit the picturesque fish market and the San Giacomo di Rialto Church.
Venice is a city of art par excellence but its fame throughout the world is mainly related to the fact that the city’s water canals replace the roads.